A gum boil is a pus-filled formation on the gums. Specifically, a gum boil can look like a bump on the gum and is often painful or tender. 

Gum boils mainly develop when plaque, tooth decay, or food debris build up and cause an infection in the area under the gums. It’s a rare occurrence, but gum boils can sometimes be a symptom of oral cancer. 


There are 3 types of gum boils based on where they grow in your mouth:

  • Gingival abscess forms in the gum line
  • Periodontal abscess occurs in the tissues supporting the teeth.
  • Periapical abscess is visible close to the tooth’s root. It develops when an infection spreads to the gums. If you think you have this type of abscess, visit your dentist as soon as possible. You may need a root canal treatment

Gum boil symptoms

Most boils on the gums cause pain and discomfort, and it’s usually the first sign. 

Other symptoms of gum boils can include:

  • halitosis
  • bleeding from boils
  • an earache
  • inflamed gums
  • sensitivity to hot or cold
  • discharge from gums or boils
  • nausea
  • a fever

Gum boil treatment

Many times, gum boils occur due to a lack of oral hygiene. Keep brushing your teeth twice a day and floss occasionally to prevent gum boils. 

If a boil is already occurring on your gums, a dentist may prescribe antibiotics to get rid of the infection. You’ll have to take medicines along with the following treatments:  

  • deep cleaning to remove plaque and other buildups from the gums
  • a root canal therapy if the cause of gum boil is a tooth decay
  • denture adjustments if the cause is irritation due to ill-fitting
  • Drainage. A dentist or dental hygienist may remove pus from the boil. This can help soothe the pain and lead to a quick recovery.

Home remedies for gum boils


Here are some simple home treatments to help get rid of gum boils

  • Gargle your mouth with a warm salt water solution for around 20 seconds and spit. Repeat this at least 2-3 times a day. 
  • Use hydrogen peroxide solution to rinse your mouth
  • Various essential oils such as clove oil or peppermint oil can help prevent a bacterial disease. Apply it to the affected area
  • Apply turmeric paste to the affected area by mixing a small amount with your regular toothpaste. 

Is treatment necessary?

Gum boils result from bacterial infections. If gum abscess is left untreated, the infection can further spread in the body. It can enter through the bones or into the bloodstream and cause severe health issues. 

Summing Up

Practicing a good oral hygiene routine, including brushing your teeth and tongue, flossing, and gargling with a mouth wash, is the best way to prevent gum boils. If you suspect having a gum boil, visit your nearest dentist right away. 

Your dentist can diagnose the issue with your gums and check if the gum boil is due to oral cancer or a benign cause. They will also provide treatment for infections before they get severe.