If you’re like most people, you probably don’t think about your gum health until there’s a problem. And by then, it’s often too late. In this guide, we will discuss the 4 stages of gum disease so that you can be aware of the early warning signs and get treatment before it becomes a bigger issue. Gum disease is a serious problem that can lead to tooth loss and other health complications if left untreated. So please read on and learn what to look out for!

Stage One: Gingivitis

Gingivitis is the early stage of gum disease. At this stage, your gums may be red and swollen and bleed easily when you brush or floss. You may also notice that your gums are tender or painful. This is usually the first sign that something is wrong with your gum health. If you notice any of these symptoms, please see your dentist right away. Gingivitis is reversible with early treatment, but if it progresses to the next stage, it can become much more difficult to treat.

Stage Two: Early Periodontitis

Periodontitis or periodontal disease is the second stage of gum disease. At this stage, the gums begin to pull away from the teeth and form pockets. These pockets collect food and bacteria and can become infected. If the infection is left untreated, it can damage the gum tissue, bone, and ligaments that support the teeth. This can lead to tooth loss.

Stage Three: Moderate Periodontitis

At this stage of periodontal disease, the damage to the gums and supporting structures is more severe. The pockets around the teeth become deeper and more infected. The infection can spread to the bone and surrounding tissues, and this can cause the teeth to become loose or even fall out.

Stage Four: Severe Periodontitis

Severe periodontitis is the most advanced stage of gum disease. The infection has destroyed the bone and connective tissue that support the teeth. The teeth may be very loose or even fall out. In some cases, the gums may shrink away from the teeth, exposing the root surfaces. This can lead to serious health problems, including heart disease, stroke, and diabetes.

If you think you may have gum disease, please see your dentist as soon as possible. Early diagnosis and treatment are essential for preventing the progression of the disease. With proper care, gum disease can be controlled and even reversed. Please don’t wait until it’s too late to care for your gum health!

Gum Disease Treatment 

Early stage gum disease: Gingivitis is treatable and reversible. You can try brushing and flossing more regularly, as well as using a mouthwash that contains fluoride. Your dentist can also remove plaque and tartar at regular checkups. 

Early periodontitis: If early periodontitis is not treated, it can progress to more advanced stages of the disease. Treatment at this stage may involve a combination of deep cleaning and the use of medication. Medication may include antibiotics to help reduce inflammation or antiseptic mouth rinses. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the diseased tissue.

Advanced periodontitis: The most common treatment for advanced periodontal disease is a procedure called scaling and root planing. This procedure removes the tartar and plaque from above and below the gum line. A local antiseptic may also be used to help reduce inflammation. In some cases, your dentist or periodontist may also recommend surgery to remove diseased tissue.

Surgical Treatments For Periodontitis:

When traditional methods of treating periodontitis fail, surgery may be the next step. There are a few different types of surgery that can be performed, and your periodontist will determine which is best for you based on the severity of your condition. 

  • Flap surgery: This involves lifting the gum tissue back so the tooth root can be cleaned. Once the root is cleaned, the gum tissue is put back in place. 
  • Bone grafting: This is often done in conjunction with flap surgery. It involves adding bone to the jaw in order to help support the teeth. 
  • Tissue regeneration: This is a newer type of surgery that helps to regenerate lost gum tissue. A protein-rich material is placed over the exposed root, and this helps to encourage the growth of new tissue. 

These are just a few of the surgical options that may be available to you. Surgery is often seen as a last resort, but it can be very effective in treating periodontitis. If you are facing surgery, be sure to talk to your periodontist about all of your options and what to expect.

How To Prevent Gum Disease From Recurring?

The best way to cure and prevent gum disease is to practice good oral hygiene giving you fewer reasons to visit your dentist. This means brushing your teeth twice a day, flossing daily, and visiting your dentist regularly for professional cleanings. If you have a history of gum disease, you may need to be seen more often. You can also help prevent gum disease by quitting smoking. Smoking is a major risk factor for gum disease.

Here are some home remedies that can help cure gum disease without a visit to your dentist. 

If you have any concerns about your oral health, be sure to talk to your dentist. They can help you develop a personalized plan for keeping your mouth healthy.

We at Rodeo Dental & Orthodontics are committed to helping you achieve and maintain optimal oral health. If you have any questions or would like to schedule an appointment, please contact us. Thank you for choosing us as your partner in better oral health!